The term “neurodevelopmental disorder” refers to a group of disorders that impact the functioning of the brain or central nervous system.
What are neurodevelopmental disorders?
Areas of functioning that may be impacted include emotional regulation and comprehension, memory, learning ability, self-control, processing speed, motor ability, and communication.
Some of the primary neurodevelopmental disorders are:
Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Symptoms include, but are not limited to, impulsivity, forgetfulness, inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and difficulties waiting. Individuals with ADHD often experience challenges with executive functioning, which includes things like planning ahead, organization, behavioral inhibition, and both starting and finishing tasks. Treatment for ADHD can help make life feel more manageable.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Individuals with ASD tend to have difficulties with social interactions, have deficits in verbal and nonverbal communication, and may also have restricted or repetitive interests or behaviors. Because ASD occurs along a spectrum, ASD ranges from severe to more mild presentations, and includes what used to be known as Asperger’s Syndrome. Treatment for ASD can help improve one’s social skills, as well as one’s ability to communicate with others and thus forge meaningful relationships.
Learning disorders are neurologically-based processing difficulties that may interfere with one’s ability to learn math, reading, and/or writing. Individuals with learning disorders often experience low self-esteem, and many have painful histories with difficult academic experiences. Therapy can help with working through and processing these memories, as well as improving confidence and self-worth.